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Ecotourism in Sikkim
Ethno botanical studies of Sikkim with special
reference to the traditional medicine of Lepchas tribe.
S.R. Lepcha & B.C. Basistha.
The earliest records of use of biological
products primarily herbs in prevention and cure of diseases in
India are found in Vedic literature. Approximately 7500 ethno
botanical plants have been reported form India so far. The
Ayurved and Sidha system of medicine records of use of
biological products primarily herbs in prevention of and cure
of diseases in India are found in Vedic literature. The
Rigveda (ca3500-1800BC). Simultaneously the more comprehensive
account of the plants based drugs found later scripture
Atharva veda (1500BC). Charak Samhita (1000-800BC) and
Sushruta Samhita (800-700BC) primarily on surgical practice
(Jain, S,K 2000) The history of the ethno botanical study in
India is about four centuries old when Garcia Da Orta (1563)
publish his Os Coloquis’ Giving an account of indigenous
medicinal plants of India without using the term ethno botany
(Rao, R. R.1996).
The Watts publication of the
The richness in ethno botanical wealth has
attracted a large number of scientists for all over the world.
A brief note on Ethno botanical survey of
“Pangolakh Wild Life Sanctuary”,
East Sikkim, India.
Wildlife Sanctuary is the biggest wildlife sanctuary of Sikkim.
It falls under the Himalayan biogeographic under the IBA Site
Code no IN-SK-09 and is located located in the eastern flank
of East district of Sikkim. The total area of the sanctuary is
128 Sq.km (29.424.53 Hectares) and is situated in between 27°08
03 N latitude near Phusrey in southern tip to 27°21
59 N latitude in northern tip near Jelepla and extended from
55 23 E latitude to 88°41
28 E latitude. The lowest point of the sanctuary falls at the
11 35 N
latitude and 88°
43 43 E
longtitute at Chukha river at the elevation of 1200m and where
as the highest elevation points falls on 27°
21 01 N latitude and 88 °
53 16 E longitude at the elevation of 4570. The sanctuary
covers various altitudinal ranges right from the tropical to
Amongst the many
floral treaties of Sikkim Himalaya one of the earliest ones may be
found over the genus Rhododendron (Gk. rhodo = red, dendrons = tree