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Ecotourism in Sikkim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemesia indica Wild.     

 

Species

Artemesia indica Wild.  

Local Name Titeypati (Nep)
Synonym

Artemesia vulgaris Non.L, Roxb.

Family

Asteraceae

Habitat

A Tall aromatic herb or under shrub often forming thicklets. Common in roadsides, hedges, wastelands in mountainous districts of India.

Distribution Distributed to tropical & temper-ate region at elevation of 1700 m to 4000 m.
Sikkim

Tadong, Punney, Phodong, Samdong, Lachen, Dikchu, Namchi,Jorethang, Mangan, Chungthang, Rangpo-Melli, Tholung, Hee- Gyathang, Tongtsa, Nathang

Out side

West Bengal (Todeymbong, Gorubathan to Kalimpong, Kurseong, Mungpo, Lebong, Darjeeling to Rimbick), Bhutan (Upper Mochu), Mount Abu in Rajasthan, in the Western ghats and from Konkan southwards to Kerela and Khasi Hills.

General

India, Himalaya, Myanmar, Thailand, South- China, Japan.

Morphological

Perennial herb, c 0.5-1.5 m; stems erect, grayish, puberculous to sparsely tomentose. Lower inflorescence leaves bipinnatisect, 7- 16 x 5- 9 cm, puberculous or glabrescent above, appressed puberculous to tomentose beneath; primary segments 2- 3 pairs, ovate- elliptic to lanceolate in outline, to 5 x 2 cm, acuminate, with lowest occasionally stipuliform; secondary segments shallower, serrate- dentate with few deep, ovate, acuminate teeth. Capitula in broad or narrow panicles. Involucre campanulate, 1.2- 2.5 mm diameter; phyllaries ovate

to obovate, 1.8- 3.2 mm, sub glabrous; outermost smaller, sparsely araneous. Female flowers c 3- 8; corollas 0.7-1.3 mm. Bisexual flowers c 6-12; corollas 1.7- 2.2 mm. Achenes +  oblong, c 1.2 mm.

Flowering

September-December

Fruiting October-February
History

 

Parts

Whole plant, juice, leaf and flowers.

Status Low risk
Phytochemistry  
Agrocultivation  
Reference

1. Chatterjee, Asima & Satyesh Chandra Pakrashi (1997). The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. 5). National Institute of Science Communication, New Delhi. 142-143.

2. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.

Medicinal

It is an important plant used in multifold occasions. Medicinally used in headache, asthma, stomachic and is an anthelmintic etc. taken bath with bruised leaves for healthy skin. Smoke from burnt leaves repels mosquito and insects. It stops nose bleeding, cures measles amongst infants, also used as antiseptics.

Whole plant: Antilithic, antiseptic, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, stomachic; helps parturition in measles, skin disease and ulcers; leaves: haemostatic and allays burning sensation in conjunctivitis; infusion in nervous and spasmodic affections of asthma.

Root: Antiseptic and tonic.

Ayurvedic  
Unani

 

Traditional

The juice extract of leaves is dropped into nose to check excess nose bleeding(T.N. Srivastava, Kapati et. al). The strong decoction of the plants is given to children with measles for a week (Kapati, Srivastava & Progress Report, 1999).

Others  
Prepartation  
Picture  

 

Rhododendron

   Amongst the many floral treaties of Sikkim Himalaya one of the earliest ones may be found over the genus Rhododendron (Gk. rhodo = red, dendrons = tree ).  

 

History

Species
Distribution
Rarity Status
L.K Rai Notes
Uses
Bibliography
 

Orchid

  Orchid known for their brilliance in colors, unusual shapes attractive growth habits, variety in fragrance and exquisite beauty can attract any nature lovers.

 

Introduction

History

Cultivation

The Genus

Bibliography

 

Medicinal Plant

Sikkim with its total geographical area of 7,096 sq km is bestowed with a huge diversity of flora and fauna.

 
 Introduction
.Cultivation
 Species
Bibliography
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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