Basic Information



Species                       : Ichnocarpus frustescens R.Br.

Local Name                 :

Synonym                    :

Family                         : Apocynaceae

Habitat                       : A large much branched twining shrub. Occasionally found in village surrounding and hedges.

Distribution                 :

Sikkim                          : Singtam, Jorethang.

Out side                       : West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Ceylon China, Java, Australia.


Morphological information

A climbing shrub with rusty- tomentose branches. Leaves variable, opposite, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, softly tomentose beneath, glabrous above. Flowers purple, minute, borne in long terminal and axillary, paniculate cymes. Fruits follicles, slender, cylindric, curved. Seeds white with a coma.

Flowering                   : September-April.

Fruiting                       : September-April.

History                       :

Parts                          : Whole plant, leaves, stem and root.

Status                        : Low risk.

Phytochemistry         : A new triterpene glycoside- rhamnopyranosylglucopyranosyl- amyrin (I)- isolated from stem and its structure elucidated

                                    (Phytochemistry 1980, 19, 2053).



The root is sweetish, cooling, aphrodisiac, cures "Kapha", thirst, vomiting, fever, biliousness, "Vata". diseases of the blood; in other respects it behaves like the root of Hemisdesmus indicus.                                    



Whole plant is used as tribal medicine in atropy, bleeding gums, convulsions, cough,delirium, dysentery, glossitis, haematuria, measles, night blindness, relieves pain due to insect bites, splenomegaly and tuberculosis. Decoction of leaves and stem is used in fever and skin eruptions.




1. Chattedee, Asima & Satyesh Chandra Pakrashi. The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. 4). Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi 110- 112.

2. Kirtikar, K.R. and B.D. Basu. Indian Medicinal Plants with Illustrations (Vol. 7). Oriental Enterprises, Rajpur Road, Dehradun, Uttaranchal. 2198- 2200.

3. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.

4. Satyavati, G.V; Ashok K. Gupta, & Neeraj Tandon (1987). Medicinal Plants of India (Vol. 2). Indian Council of Medical Research. New Delhi. 62- 64.