Basic Information



Species                        : Hedychium spicatum Ham ex Smith

Local Name                  : Sara,Pankha phul (Nep).

Synonym                     :

Family                          : Zingiberaceae.

Habitat                        : The plant is perennial leafy herb up to 2 m tall. Grown in the rich soils with

                                       plenty of water in the forests, swampy grounds on the side of drains and

                                                                                                   moist semi- shady situations,  of the subtropical to temperate Himalayas.

Distribution                : Distributed in the subtropical and temperate Himalayas.

Sikkim                         : Yuksom, Yangyang, Karponang, Raj-Bhawan, Lingtam, Padamchen

Out side                      : Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh (Simla, Mahasu, Jogindra Nagar), Uttar Pradesh (Nainital, Almora,

                                    Chamoli, Ranikhet) also distributed in Malaysia, Japan and Europe, Bhutan (Phuntsoling, Chukkha, Sarbhang, Deothang,

                                    Thimpu and Punakha), Darjeeling (Labha, Rkungbee, Lopchu to Jorbungalow).

Morphological information

It is a perennial, robust herb up to 2 m tall. Rootstock horizontal tuberous, aromatic, bitter comphoraceous taste. Leaves sessile, broadly lanceolate, 30- 60 cm long and up to 10 cm wide tail like lip. Flowers white, with orange red- base, fragrant in terminal spike stamens filament red, capsule globular, 3- valved with orange red lining. Seeds oblong, black with a red aril.

Flowering                  : June-October.

Fruiting                     : June-October.

History                     :

Parts                         : Rhizome and root.

Status                       : Vulnerable.


Structure determination of a furanoid diterpene- hedychinone isolated from rhizomes; hydroxyhedychenone isolated from rhizomes; benzyl cinnamate, 1,8- cineole, benzyl acetate and lindyl acetate isolated; detection of cineole, limonene,, -terpinene,  -phellandrene, p- cymene, linalool, caryophyllene and  -terpineol in rhizome essential oil by GLC.

Agrocultivation           : The divisions of rhizome propagate the plant.

Ayurvedic                   : It is used in Ayurvedic preparations like  shatyadichurna, shatyadi Quath and Himanshu tail.

Others                         : The rhizome is carminative, emmenogogue, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic and is used in the general anasarc,

                                     bad taste in mouth, colic, fever, enteric fever and respiratory disorders.




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