Basic Information



Species                        : Geranium nepalensis Sweet.

Local Name                  : Bhand, Bhanda (Nep).

Synonym                     :

Family                         : Geraniaceae.

Habitat                       : A slender, much branched, diffuse perennial herb found in bushy and moist places.

Distribution                : Distributed in temperate region (1400- 3000 m).

Sikkim                         : Enchey Monastry , Bay , Yuksom , Drubdi Monastry , Chanbari and Labha forest.

Out side                      : Khasi, Nilgiri and Pulney hills West Bengal, Punjab, Kuram Valley, Kashmir, Garhwal, Nepal, Manipur, China, Japan,

                                      Bhutan (Chukkha, Gaylegphug, Deothang, Dungthang, Thimpu, Tongsa, Bumthang, Mongar, Tahigang district and

                                      upper Kulongchu diatrict).

Morphological information

Perinnial, pubescent or softly hairy. Stems prostrate, diffuse, 15-45 cm, branches rooting at the joints. Leaves orbiculate, 3.8-7.5 cm, across, palmately 3- 5 lobed, segments equal or nearly so, irregularly lobed and toothed; stipules narrowly lanceolate, 1.2 cm. Flowers pale purple, 8-16 mm diameter. Sepals acute, Shortly pointed. Petals slightly notched.

Flowering                     : March-October.

Fruiting                        : September-December.

History                        :

Parts                           : Plant, root.

Status                   : Low risk

Medicinal                     : Other uses: Astringent, used in renal diseases, usd foir stomach disorder. Roots known as Roel or Bhand contain a red

                                     coloring matter and ar4e used for coloring medicine oils, also used for tanning.




 1. Anonymous (1962) . The wealth of India Council of Scientific and Industrial Research New   Delhi.126.

2. Anonymous (1992). The Useful Plants of India. Publications and  Information Directorate CSIR, New Delhi. 234.

3. Bhujel, R.B. (19960. Studies on the Dicotyledonous Flora of Darjeeling District. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis University of Noth Bengal. 150.

4. Grierson A.J.C and D.G. Long (1987). Flora of Bhutan ( Vol.1, part 3 ). Royal Botanic Garden,  Edinburg.

5. Kirtikar, K.R; B.D. Basu (1993). Indian Medicinal Plants. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Dehradun. 431.

6. Progress Report of the Project “ Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim” (1998-2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.