Basic Information



Species                       : Eugina jembos Linn.

Local Name                 : Jamun, Kalajam (Nep), Foborkung (Lep)

Synonym                     : Syzygium jambos, Jambosa Vulgaris

Family                         : Myrtaceae.

Habitat                       : A small tree.

Distribution                : Cultivated in many places.

Sikkim                         :

Out side                      : Terai- Yunan to Australia, Darjeeling, cultivated on terai.


Morphological information

A small tree with lanceolate leaves 12.5- 20 cm long narrowed into a short petiole, secondary nerves rather distant joint by a prominent looping intramarginal one. Easily recognized by its very large handsome flowers about 7.5- 10 cm diameter (with the long stamens) and which are in short terminal racemose cymes with pairs of flowers (trichotomous cymes with the central axis not at once terminating in a flower). Sepals rounded. Fruit globose white 2.5- 5 cm, with 1.2 grey seeds loose in the large cavity of the succulant pericarp.

Flowering                 :

Fruiting                    :

History                    :

Parts                       : Whole plant.

Status                     : Vulnerable

Phytochemistry: Ocimene, α- pinene, (+) camphene, ( - ) limonene, cadienene, (+) borneol and (α- terpineol isolated from essential oil.



The bark is sweet, acrid, hot, astringent to the bowels; improves the voice; used in asthma, thirst, fatigue, dysentery, heavy speech, bronchitis. The fruit is sweet and tasty; indigestible astringent to the bowels, removes triclosa.


The fruit is sweet with a flavour, indigestible, tonic to the brain. Used in liver complaints. The seeds are astringent to the bowels; used in syphilis.



In Bhamo, Upper Burma, the leaves are boiled and used for sore eyes.In Indo- China the bark is considered a good astringent; every part of the plant is digestive, stimulant, antidontalgic. In Combodia, the water in which the leaves have macreated is used in fevers.



1. Kirtikar, K.R. & Basu, B.D. Indian Medicinal Plants with illustration. (Vol. 5), Oriental Enterprises, Raipur Road, Dheradun, Uttranchal. 1462- 1464.

2. Grierson, A. J. C.  & D.G. Long (1991). Flora of Bhutan. (Vol. 2, part 1). Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 280.

3. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.