Basic Information



              Species                                    :                      Achyranthes bidentata Blume

              Local Name                             :

              Synonym                                 :


Family                                     :                       Amaranthaceae

Habitat                                   :                       An erect or ascending annual or perennial herb or a shrub. Found in margins of sub- tropical and broad-                                                            leaved forests.

Distribution                            :                       Distributed to hilly districts throughout India.

Sikkim                                     :                       Yuksom, Dzongu, Melli Jorethang.

Out side                                  :                       West Bengal, Assam, China, Java, Japan, Bhutan  (Chukka, Gaylegphug district, Punakha district, upper

                                                                      Mo Chu district).

Morphological information

A rambling herb distinguished from A. aspera by the blade of the spinous bracteoles being reduced to two minute auricles each side of the base of the spines. Leaves elliptic oblong or oblong- lanceolate, rounded or cuneate at the base, thinly hairy. Flowers white or green in axillary and terminal spikes, fruits one- seeded.

  Flowering    :

  Fruiting       :

  History        :

  Parts           : Roots, leaves and seeds.

  Status         : Low risk.



Four new diterpenoid alkaloids  15- deacetylvakognavine, palmadine, palmasine and 6- acetylheteravisine isolated along with vakognavine, heteravisine, isoatisine and hitidine, structures of new compounds elucidated (Tetrahedron Lett. 1988, 29, 1875).




The plant is used as a diuretic and astringent.



1. Anonymous (1985). The Wealth of India (Vol. 1 A) Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR. New Delhi. 57.

2. Kirtikar, K.R. B.D. Basu (1993). Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. 2). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Dehradun. 2851.

3. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.