Basic Information



Species                        : Cuminum cyminum Linn.

Local Name                  :

Synonym                     :

Family                          : Umbelliferae

Habitat                       : A slender annual, glabrous except the fruit.

Distribution                : Widely cultivated in all over India. Distributed to sub temperate and tropical region.

Sikkim                         : Rhenock.

Out side                      : West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Bhutan (Phuntsholing district).

Morphological information

A slender annual, glabrous except the fruit, leaves twice of thrice 3-partite ultimate segments filiform. Umbels compound, rays few; bracts and bracteoles several linear rigid. Calyx- teeth small, subulate, unequal. Petals oblong or obovate, emariginate, white, often unequal. Fruit cylindrical, tip marrowed; primary ridges filiform, distinct, secondary usually hispidulous; vittae large, solitary under each secondary ridge, carpophere 2- partite or 2- fid. Seed somewhat dorsally compressed convene- concave.

Flowering                :

Fruiting                   :

History                   :

Parts                     : Fruit.

Status                   : It is widely cultivated.


Detection of Alpha- pinene, Alpha- phellandrene, Alpha-terpinene, limonene, p-cy nine and cuminaldehyde in seed oil by GLC (Indian perfum. 1978, 22, 164; Chem. Abstr. 1980, 92, 82217 n; Indian Perfum. 1979, 23, 34; Chem. Abstr. 1980, 1992, 116241h); isolation of epigenine 7- 0 glucopyranoside, epigenine 5- 0- glucopyranoside liteolin- 7- 0glucopyranoside (Egypt. 1. Pharm. Sci. 1979, 18, 245; Chem.Abstr. 1981, 94, 273771 f).


Ayurvedic system: The fruit is pungent, hot, sweet; cooling, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, carminative, ernticlysenteric, stomachache, alexipharmic, astringent to the bowels, tonic, uterine stimulant antipyretic; cures "vata" tumors, eye disease, belching; increases appetite and improves taste; beneficial in consumption, leucoderma, fever, leprosy, biliousness, scorpion- sting. Unani system: The fruit has a sharp, burning taste, an astringent, carminative, vulnerary, tonic to the intestine abertifacient, mmenagogue; stops epitasis; heals corneal opacities, ulcers and cysts. Cures haemoptysis, scabies, gonorrhea, and asthma; relieves hiccough, inflammations, and enlargements of the spleen; applied to boils and ulcers.



The fruit is considered stomachic, carminative and astringent; useful in dyspepsia and diarrhoea. It is considered also very cooling and enters into most of the prescription for gonorrhea. It is used as a lactagogue. Cumin seeds are prescribed for snake- bite and scorpion- sting.


1. Anonymous (1992). The Useful Plants of India, Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi, 150.

2. Kirtikar, K.R. & B.D. Basu. Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. 5), Oriental Enterprises. Rajpur Road, Dehradun, Uttaranchal, 1704- 1705.

3. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.