Basic Information



Species                       : Clerodendrum viscosum  Vent.

Local Name                : Chitu (Nep)

Synonym                     : Celerodendron infortunatum Auct. non L.

Family                         : Verbanaceae

Habitat                       : A shrub 0.9- 2.4 m high, often gregarious. Common all over plains of India in

                                   waste lands. It is one of the most common gregarious shrubs seen all along the Terai

                                                                                               generally abundant in open areas and fringe of the forest and forest clearing.

Distribution                : Distributed to sub-temperate and tropical region.

Sikkim                         : Ranipool, Rangpo, Melli-Jorethang.

Out side                      : West Bengal, Orissa, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Bihar.

General                       : Himalaya (Nepal- Sikkim), India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia.

Morphological information

A gregarious shrub, 3-10 ft high, covered with white or yellowish hairs. Leaves large 4-12 inch long, 3- 8 inch broad, cordate, tapering at the end; petiole 1- 4 inch long. Inflorescence 6-15 inch long, much branched, upper bracts red, calyx 1- 3 to 1.5 inch long, incised, corolla white pinkish with soft hairs. Fruit 1.5- inch wide, compressed black when ripe.

Flowering                 : February -May

Fruiting                    : May -July

History                     :

Parts                        : Bark and leaves

Status                      : Low risk


Isolation of fumaric acid, ethyl and methyl esters of caffeic acid, β-sitosterol and its glucoside from flowers (Indian J. Pharm. Sci. 1980, 42, 96); a new flavone glucoside acacetin 7 0 methyl glucoronate  isolated from flowers and characterized (Planta Med. 1981,42,296 );aacetoside isolated from flowers and identified as 2 (3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol- 1- 0- α- -L rhamnopyranosyl- (1→3) -β- D- (4"-O- caffeyl ) glucopyranoside (Indian J. Chem. 1983, 22B, 97).


Ayurvedic               : The plant has a bitter, pungent taste with a flavour; tonic, aphrodisiac, antipyretic.

Traditional               : The extract prepared from smashing of root is effective in case of  dysentery (Yonzone at al 1985).


The leaves are cheap and efficient substitute for chiretta as a tonic and antiperiodic. The fresh juice is employed as a vermifuge and also as a bitter tonic and febrifuge in malarious fevers, especilly in those of children. It is used as an infection into the rectum in cases of ascarids.

The leaves enter into the composition of pills used by Mundas of Chota Nagpur in a chest complaint with cough and difficult expectoration. The sprouts are recommended in the treatment of snakebite; the leaves and flowers are prescribed in scorpion sting.




1. Kirtikar, K.R. & B.D.Basu. Indian Medicinal Plants with illustrations. Oriental

Enterprises. Rajpur Road, Dehradun, Uttaranchal, 2686- 2688.

2. Biswas, K. (1956). Common Medicinal Plants of Darjeeling and the Sikkim Himalaya. M/s Bengal Government Press, West Bengal, 73.

3. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.