Basic Information



Species                     : Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eeberm.

Local Name                : Sinkauli,Nupsur, Choto Sinkauli (Nep), Songsor kung (Lep)

Synonym                   :

Family                        : Lauraceae

Habitat                      : It is a small evergreen tree of 12- 18 m.

Distribution                : Found in tropical and sub- tropical Himalayas 900- 2500 m.

Sikkim                         : Namchi, Yuksom to Bakhim, Hee- Gyathang-   Breng (North Sikkim), Bay-Tholing, Namprik, Prekchu- Yuksom, and

                                      Rongli- Subaney Dara.

Out side                     : Khasi, Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya at altitude of 1,000- 1800 m, Assam, Mizoram, West Bengal, found cultivated in Tripura

General                      : Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, Meghalaya.


Morphological information

A moderate sized evergreen tree attaining a height up to 7.6 m and girth of 1.4 m. Bark dark brown or blackish, slightly rough. Leaves opposite, sub opposite or alternate, ovate lanceolate or oblong, acuminate, glabrous, 3- nerved at base pink when young. Flower pale yellow, pubescent in panicles. Fruits black, ovoid on the thickened peduncle and enlarged base of the perianth.

Flowering                               : February-April

Fruiting                                  : July -August

History                                  :

Parts                                    : Leaves, roots and bark.

Status                                  : Vulnerable.

Phytochemistry                   : Essential oil from leaves contained cinnamic aldehyde and eugenol.


The plants are raised from seeds sown in nursery beds in March- April. Seedlings appear 30- 45 days after sowing and are transplanted when 4- 5 years old in the field at a spacing of 3m X 2m. Sufficient shade is provided in the early stages of growth and shade trees are cleared after 8- 9 years. The fields are not usually manured.



In ayurveda, a preparation called "Trijataka", containing leaves and flowers buds of this plant along with small cardamom, liquorice, raisins etc is used in piles, heart troubles, ozoena. It is also used in Ayurvedic preparation prescribed for treating diabetes.


In Unani system leaves are used in "Jawarish Sheshryaran", in a powder form in indigestion, etc and in "Halwa- I- supari Pak".


The leaves are used in diarrhoea, rheumatism, stimulant and colic pain. Decoction of the powder is used in suppression of lochia and pains after delivery.


The leaves are carminative and are used in colic, diarrhoea and of rheumatism. They are considered hot and cardiac and are used with long pepper and honey in coughs and cold. The bark of cinchona plant is used in different kinds of fever, especially in malarial fever.


. Anonymous (1961). The Wealth of India (Vol. 3). Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR. New Delhi, 580- 582.

2. Bhujel, R.B. (1996). Studies on the Dicotyledonous Flora of Darjeeling District. Unpublished PhD Thesis University of North Bengal, 718.

3. Chatterjee, Asima and Satyesh Chandra Prakashi,. The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants. Publication and Information Directorate, New Delhi.104-105.

4. Grierson, A.J.C. & D.G. Long (1984). Flora of Bhutan (Vol. 1 part 2), Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 258.

5. Kirtikar, K.R., B.D. Basu (1993). Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. IV). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, 2146- 2147.

6. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001).State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.

7. Thakur, R.S., H.S. Puri and Akhtar Hussain (1989). Major Medicinal Plants of India. Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 179- 181.