Basic Information



Species                      : Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.

Local Name                :

Synonym                    :

Family                         : Verbenaceae

Habitat                       : An erect, under shrub or shrub found in village shrubberies and gardens.

Distribution                 : Distributed in tropical to temperate region.

Sikkim                          : Ranipool, Singtam.

Out side                       : Plains of West Bengal, Kashmir, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Northern Andhra Pradesh up to an altitude of 1,800 m.

General                        : Himalaya (Kashmir, Bhutan), India, Myanmar, South China.

Morphological information

A shrub, 1- 3 m high, trunk hardly any branches shaggy and tomentose at the tips; Leaves 10 – 18 cm long, ovate – lanceolate, acuninate, base rounded or cuneate, glabrate above and tomentose with compound stellate hairs beneath. Borne on axillary cymes. Flowers small, purple. Fruits globose, pyrenes usually 4.

Flowering                 : June-September

Fruiting                    : October-January

History                    :

Parts                      : Leaves and root.

Status                   : Low risk.


Besides diterpenoids, the leaves also contain C22- C24 fatty acids, ethyl ester of C23 fatty acid, 7, 3, 3'- trimethylquercetin, 7- 0 glucuronides of luteolin and apigenin and ursolic, 2α- hydeoxyursolic, L(+) α- amino- β  -(p- methoxyphenyl)- propionic and crategolic acids and β- sitosterol and its β- D- glucoside



The plant is used as a drug known as Priyangu or Phalawati, for obstetrical conditions. It also forms one of the ingredients of a compound drug Lodhrasa used for skin diseases.


The leaves, applied hot, are reported to give relief in rheumatic pains. A paste of the seed is employed in treating oral ulcers. The seeds are reported to be used in treating leprosy and as diuretic; the seeds and roots are employed as stomachic



1. Anonymous (1961). The Wealth of India (Vol. 3). Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR. New Delhi. 61- 62.

2. Bhujel, R.B. (1996). Studies on the Dicotyledonous Flora of Darjeeling District. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis University of North Bengal, 646.

3. Chatterjee Asima (1995). The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants. Publications and Information Directorate (Vol. 4), New Delhi, 219- 220.

4. Kirtikar, K.R., B.D. Basu (1993). Indian Medicinal Plants. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Dehradun, 19- 22.

5. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.