Basic Information



Species                :              Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medikus

Local Name          :                         

Synonym             :

Family                   :               Malvaceae

Habitat                  :               Herbs of 40 cm tall.

Distribution           :               Warm broad- leaved forest 600- 1500 m.

Out side                 :              Dhotrey, Mane Bhanzyang, Darjeelling, Kalimpong, Jalpaiguri,

                                              Ryang, Great Rungit, Rongsong, Bhutan (Punakha  district and Tashigang district).

Sikkim                    :               Tendong Reserve Forests, Pentong, Yoksom, Khabi Forest, Namchi, Rhenock, and Gyalshing.


Morphological information

A perennial herb or undershrub 1- 2 m; epicalyx segments 4- 6, ovate to lanceolate, c-2.5 cm; fruit narrower, oblong- ovoid, 4.5- 5.5 x 1.2- 2 cm.

Flowering    :

Fruiting       :

History        :

Parts           :  Roots, Flowers

Status         : low risk


Quercetin- 3- robinobioside, quercetin- 3- glucoside, hyperin, quercetin and myricetin isolated from flowers (Chih Wu Hsueh Pao 1981, 23, 222; Chem.Abstr. 1981, 95, 156426 r).



Cures pneumonia. Roots are crushed and the juice is mixed with lukewarm water. Flowers used in treatment of chronic bronchitis and toothache.


1.Grierson, J.C.C and Long, D.G. (1991). Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim (Vol. 2, part 1). Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh. 185.
2.Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998- 2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.