Basic Information



      Species                       : Aphanamixis polystacha (Wall)parker

     Local Name                 : Bandari phal (Nep), Tangaruk (Lep)

     Synonym                     :

    Family                           : Meliaceae

     Habitat                        : A large evergreen tree up to 15 m in height. The tree is typical of moist

                                          shady localities, occurring commonly in ravines along the shady banks of streams

                                                                                                      and in moist tropical forests.

Distribution         : Distributed in tropical region

Sikkim                  :  Legship to Melli 900 m.

Out side               : West Bengal, Assam, Konkan, Western Ghats and adjoining hill areas from Poonato Tinnevelly up to 800 m,

                             also distributed Andaman  lambodia, Indo  China, China, Malaysia

Morphological information

A large, handsome, evergreen tree up to 15 m in height. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets elliptic or ovate. Flowers male numerous, erect sub-globular in solitary axillary panicles; female flowers in axillary or supra axillary solitary spikes. Fruits: 2.5- 3.8 cm in diameter, globular, yellow when ripe. Seeds oblong with scarlet aril, oily.

Flowering        : February-March

Fruiting           : April-May

History            :

Parts               :

Status            : Low risk



Petroleum ether extract of the bark gave a tetranortriterpenoid aphanamixin [3]; and leaves aphanamixol [4]; limonoids have been isolated and structure determined [5]; a new saponin from seeds have been reported.

Ayurvedic: It is being used for the preparation of ayurvedic medicines such as Rohitakarista,

used in liver and spleen disease and Rohita Kalauha- used in malaria and anemia.


The bark is used in spleen and liver diseases, tumors, and abdominal complaints. The seeds are acrid with a sharp taste; refrigerant, laxative, anthelmintic; cure ulcers, diseases of the blood of the eyes and of the ear, lessen muscular pain.

1. The punded bark is used as poultice in rheumatism.

2. The oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of rheumatism.

3. 10-15 gm powders along with 15ml honey or 15-25 ml decoction given three times daily for liver and spleen disorders.



1. Anonymous. (1985) The Wealth of India (Vol. 1 A) Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 318-320.

2. Bhujel, R.B. (1996). Studies on the Dicotyledonous Flora of Darjeeling District. Unpublished PhD Thesis University of North Bengal. 181.

3. Kirtikar, K.R. and B.D. Basu (1980). Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. 2). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun. 551-553.

4. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998-2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.

5. Singh, Janardan, Ashok Sharma, Subash Chandra Singh, Sushil Kumar (1999). Medicinal Plants for Bioprospection. Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow. 115-116.