Basic Information


             Species                       :           Agrimonia eupatoria Linn

            Local Name                  :

            Synonym                     :

            Family                          :           Rosaceae

            Habitat                        :           A perennial, hairy herb.

            Distribution                 :           Distributed in temperate region.

            Sikkim                          :           Lachung (2700 m-3000 m), Rumtek, Lachen

Out side                      :           West Bengal, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Khasia and Mishmi hills, from Persia

                                               to the Atlantic, Siberia, Java, North America.

Morphological information

An erect, hairy, perennial herb. Leaves perennial compound. Lower leaves

10-18 cm, leaflets coarsely toothed, very unequal, larger ones 5-9, ovate, 1.3-3.8 cm, intermixed with a number of much smaller ones. Upper leaves gradually smaller and with fewer leaflets. Stipules adnate to the base of the leaf stalk. Flowers yellow, 6 mm diameter, in terminal, spike like racemes; each flowers in the axil of a small, 3-cleft bract and with 2 smaller 3-toothed bracteoles at the top of its stalk. Calyx-tube top shaped, grooved, bearing outside its mouth a ring of small, hooked bristles, limb 5-lobed. Petals 5, oblong. Stamens 15. Carpels 2, free, enclosed within the calyx- tube; style thread like, protruding; stigmas terminal, dilated; ovule solitary. Achenes 1 or 2 enclosed in the hardened, bristly calyx crowned with a ring of hooked bristles.

Flowering        : May-September

Fruiting           : August-November

History           :

Parts             : Root, leaves.

Status           : Low risk



Volatile oil found to contain ageratochromene, caryophyllene „ -cadinene and 6 demethoxyageratochromene (Perfume Essent oil. Rec 1969, 60, 303; Chem. Abstr.1970, 72, 51815p; Flavour Ind, 1973, 4, 77; Chem. Abstr. 1973, 79, 96835f; sci.1976,193,542); demethoxyagertochromene (60 66), , -caryophyllene (14.52), d-K-pinene (6.62), ocimene (5.3), d-cadinene (4.25), eugenol (4.42) and methyleugenol (1.82%) detected in essential oil by TLC (Riechst, Aronen, Koerperflegem 1973, 23, 209; Chem. Abstr. 1973, 79, 96837h); 7-methoxy-2, 2-dimethylchromene (6-demethoxyageratochromene) and ageratochromene dimer (6, 6' 7, 7’ -tetramethoxy-2, 2, 2’ 2'-tetramethyl-3' (4’-dehydro-3’, 45-bichroman) from essential oil* (Indian J. Chem 1973, 11, 91); saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons (n-C27-32), stigmasterol and K-spinasterol isolated (Tai-wan K’o Hseuch 1976, 30, 701; chem Abstr. 1977, 86, 52655n); stigmast-7-en-ol, quercitin, Kaempferol, fumaric and caffeic acids identified in leaves (Indian J.Pharm.1977, 39, 108); structure of a new chromene-conyzorigun (Chem.Commun 1978, 152); quercitin, Kaempferol-3 rhamnoglucoside, Kaempferol-3,7, digllucoside and unidentified quercitin derivative isolated (Acta Pol.Pharm.1978, 35, 241; Chem Abstr. 1978, 89, 176387h).



The herb has been used as an astringent, anthelmintic, diuretic and tonic and as a remedy for cough, simple diarrhea and relaxed bowels.



The powdered root of 10-15 gm is prepared in solution and 100-150 gm taken early morning after breakfast in case of blood dysentery.




1. Anonymous (1985). The Wealth of India (Vol. I A). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 112.

2. Anonymous (1992). The Useful Plants of India. Publication and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi,22.

3. Bhujel, R.B. (1996). Studies on the Dicotyledonous Flora of Darjeeling District. Unpublished PhD Thesis University of North Bengal. 312.

4. Kirtikar, K.R., B.D. Basu, (1980). Indian Medicinal Plants (Vol. III). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun. 2035-2037.

5. Progress Report of the Project "Studies on Medicinal Plants of Sikkim" (1998-2001). State Council of Science and Technology for Sikkim.