are the most endurable plant species of Sikkim
Himalaya. It has formed a legitimate bondage with the natural
flora systems of the state. The species was first
introduced by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1937 under Genera
Planatarum. The Rhododendrons are distributed
throughout the world from European nations such as England,
Scotland to the America and Southeastern Asian countries like
India, Nepal, China, eastern Tibet, Bhutan and Myanmar.
More than 90% of the world's Rhododendron
population are inhabiting in the southeastern Asian regions
(Leach, 1961;Chamberlain et al., 1996).In India, it is
represented by about 80 species, of which 36 species are found
in Sikkim only (Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990; Singh et al.,2003;
Bhattacharyya and Sanjappa, 2008).
The Rhododendrons are fabulously abundant
in Sikkim Himalaya with a multiplicity in its colors and
variety. Keeping its sense of beauty and popularity the species
Rhododendron niveum is regarded as a state tree plant of
Sikkim. With an increasing recognition for being one of the
richest flora and fauna destinations of the world, a
comprehensive evaluation, simulation and conservation of
existing value of soul plant species like Rhododendrons
has become a major challenge for the state, Sikkim. As reported,
till time there are 36 Rhodendrons species being recorded
in Sikkim. This database web Site consisted of all 36
Rhododendrons species and is truly based upon the genuine
research initiated by the Bioinformatics Sub-DISC, Sikkim State
Council of Science & Technology, with the support of Department
of Biotechnology, Government of India. This database creation
will be a huge support towards the promotion of conservation and
distribution valuable information.
Pradhan UC and Lachungpa ST (1990). Sikkim-Himalayan
Rhododendrons. Primulaceae Books, Kalimpong, West Bengal.
Singh KK, Kumar S, Rai LK and Krishna AP (2003). Rhododendron
Conservation in Sikkim Himalaya. Current Science;85:602-606.
Bhattacharyya D and Sanjappa M (2008). Rhododendron
habitats in India. Journal of American Rhododendron